NPN Transistor 2N2924 as a Switch

NPN Transistor Switch Circuit Diagram

2N2924 Characteristics / Parameters

Component CharacteristicsComponent Parameters
Type Designator2N2924
Transistor OutlinePackage TypeCASE:  TO-92, TO-98
Mounting StyleThrough Hole
FamilyBJT, NPN
Material of TransistorSilicon
PolarityNPN
Maximum Power Dissipation360mW,  
Maximum Collector to Base Voltage25V
Maximum Collector to Emitter Voltage25V
Maximum Emitter Base Voltage5V
Maximum Collector Current100mA
Minimum hFE150
Maximum hFE300
FunctionAmplification / Switch
Manufacturers

  1. Central Semiconductor Corp.
  2. New Jercy Semiconductor Products Inc.
  3. GE Solid State

 Three modes of Operating Region of Transistors are:

  1. Active Region
  2. Saturation Region
  3. Cut-off Region

1- Active Region Characteristics:

  • In 'Active Region' , the transistor operate as an 'Amplifier'
  • The Junction Base-Emitter is forward Biased.
  • The Junction Collector-Base is Reverse Biased.

2- Saturation Region Characteristics:

  • ​​In 'Saturation' region, the transistor operates as an 'Closed Switch'.
  • The 'Base' Electrode is Connected to Supply Voltage [ Vcc ]
  • The Junction Base-Emitter Voltage is greater than 0.6V i.e VBE > 0.6V.
  • The Junction Base-Emitter is Forward Biased.
  • The Junction Collector-Base is Forward Biased.
  • Maximum Saturation Collector Current [ Ic ] flows, i.e [ Ic=Vcc/R]
  • This condition of transistor is act as a 'Fully-ON' and this is 'Saturation Region'.
  • Collector to Emitter Voltage [ VCE ] is approximately equal to Zero ideally. i.e [ VCE = 0V ]

​3- Cut-Off Region Characteristics:

  • In 'Cut-off' region, the transistor operate as an 'Open Switch'.​
  • The 'Base' Electrode is Grounded to zero Voltage [ 0V ].
  • The Junction Base-Emitter Voltage is less than 0.6V i.e VBE < 0.6V.
  • The Junction Base-Emitter is Reverse Biased.
  • The Junction Collector-Base is Reverse Biased.
  • No Collector Current [ Ic ] flows, i.e [ Ic=0 ].
  • This condition of transistor is act as a 'Fully-OFF ' and this is 'Cut-Off Region'.
  • Collector to Emitter Voltage [ VCE ] is approximately equal to Supply Voltage [ VCC ] [ VCE = VCC ]

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