Comparator Circuit

A comparator Circuit

A graphic illustrating a simple voltage comparator circuit, with a voltage divider and an op-amp. The input, output and supply voltages are shown.

The comparator is an electronic decision making circuit that makes use of an operational amplifiers very high gain in its open-loop state, that is, there is no feedback resistor. The Op-amp comparator compares one analogue voltage level with another analogue voltage level, or some preset reference voltage, VREF and produces an output signal based on this voltage comparison. In other words, the op-amp voltage comparator compares the magnitudes of two voltage inputs and determines which is the largest of the two.

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